Submission method options
Alternative submission method
Question 1 Topic 3 & 4 Planning, analytics and risk assessment (40 marks)
You are the auditor of Printer Solutions Ltd, a manufacturer of colour printers. You have scrutinised the financial reports of the company and are concerned about its future as a ‘going concern’. The summarised financial reports for the past three years plus the unaudited draft accounts for the current year are shown below.
Printing Solutions Ltd Income Statement$’000s 2017 2016 2015 2014 Sales 3080 2660 2060 1310 Cost of Goods Sold (2350) (2010) (1566) (969) Gross Profit 730 650 494 341 Other Expenses (350) (390) (270) (140) Interest (300) (120) (70) (2) Net Profit (Loss) 80 140 154 199 Statement of Financial Position $’000s Current assets Trade and other receivables 772 660 432 382 Inventory 680 510 350 205 Total current assets 1452 1170 782 587 Non-current assets Property, plant and equipment 1810 1500 920 370 Intangible assets 40 Total non-current assets 1850 1500 920 370 Total assets 3302 2670 1702 957 Current liabilities Trade and other payables 835 795 486 400 Current borrowings – Bank Overdraft 52 40 21 16 Total current liabilities 887 835 507 416 Non-current liabilities Non-current borrowings – Secured loan 1500 1000 500 Total liabilities 2387 1835 1007 416 Net Assets 915 835 695 541 Equity Share capital 300 300 300 300 Retained earnings 615 535 395 241 Total Equity 915 835 695 541
Extracts from the notes to the financial statements
Trade and other receivables Trades receivable 802 716 465 410 Provision for doubtful debts (40) (66) (43) (38) 762 650 422 372 Prepaids and other receivables 10 10 10 10 772 660 432 382 Inventory Raw materials 146 128 87 51 WIP 152 127 105 72 Inventory held for sale 382 255 158 82 680 510 350 205 Trade and other payables Trades payable 799 744 431 338 Other payables 15 15 15 15 Current Tax payable 21 36 40 47 835 795 486 400
Additional Background Information
In an attempt to expand into overseas markets, Printer Solutions automated many of its operations in 2016 with the purchase of some highly sophisticated plant and machinery. The new plant and machinery was financed with a secured variable loan of $100,000 and a bank overdraft facility.
The company purchases the components that make up the printers from a variety of local and overseas suppliers. Currently, 85% of Printer Solutions sales are to one electrical discount chain store, and the company has plans to broaden its sales base in both the local and overseas markets. While local sales have increased, the company has had mixed results with sales to overseas markets. Further expansion of the company’s sales base, especially overseas, revolves around the development and production of a state of the art printer that will be tailored to meet the needs of the top end of the market. In addition, a new computerised ordering system is being developed.
Plans are well underway for the new range of printers and the computer system upgrade. The company’s loan facility has been increased to $150,000 over the past two years to cover some of these expenses. Other funding has come from cash flow. However, the development will require a significant amount of additional money. The directors hope this money will come via a new public issue of shares planned for later this year and promises of loans and other forms of assistance from business acquaintances of the CEO, Mr Peter Andrews.
(a) Analyse the financials of Printer Solutions Ltd. Include a simple comparison of the movement in the accounts between 2016 and 2017, a trend analysis, and the profitability, liquidity, solvency and efficiency ratios for the last three years (2017, 2016 and 2015). (11 marks)
(b) With reference to each of the ratio areas, the other analysis and the background information provided in the question, explain why you perceive there are going concern issues for Printer Solutions Ltd. (5 marks)
(c) From your analysis of the company, identify four account balances that could potentially be materially misstated and justify each choice. (12 marks)
(d) For each of the accounts/areas in (c), identify the two assertions of primary interest to you and justify your choice. (12 marks)
Question 2 Topics 5 & 6 Internal control and tests of control (25 marks)
You are engaged in your first audit of VIPet Pty Ltd (VIPet) for the year ended 30 June 2017. The Managing Director is Matthew Stanton, a qualified veterinarian, and the company employs seven permanent staff. The permanent staff consists of two permanent veterinarians, three veterinarian assistants; a receptionist, an office assistant/typist and a bookkeeper. In July 2016 VIPet commenced providing “on farm” veterinarian services for small hobby farms, due to a large number of small holdings in the area. The company has 250 clients using this service within a 60 kilometre radius and employs an additional five veterinarians on an hourly basis to visit the client farms. The casual veterinarians submit weekly time reports, which include the customer’s name and the time devoted to each customer. Time charges for emergency visits are shown separately from regular monthly visits on the reports.
As part of your evaluation of the new service you note the following:
1.VIPet requires customers to sign annual contracts which are pre-numbered and prepared in duplicate. The original is filed in numerical order by contract anniversary date, and the copy is given to the customer. The contract entitles the customer to one routine veterinarian service each month. However, the contract does not include emergency visits, which are billed separately.
2.Fees for monthly services are payable in advance – quarterly, half-yearly or yearly – and recorded on the books as ‘income from services’ when the cash is received. All payments are made by cheque and are received by post.
3.Pre-numbered invoices for contract renewals are prepared in triplicate from information in the contract file. The original invoice is sent to the customer 30 days before the due date of payment, the duplicate copy is filled chronologically by due date, and the triplicate copy is filed alphabetically by customer surname. If payment is not received within ten days of the due date, a cancellation notice is sent to the customer, and a copy of the notice is attached to the customer’s contract.
4.Matthew Stanton approves all cancellations and reinstatements of contracts.
5.The bookkeeper notifies the veterinarians of all contract cancellations and reinstatements and requires the veterinarians to acknowledge notification of cancellation.
6.Pre-numbered invoices for emergency services are prepared weekly from the information shown on the veterinarians’ time reports. The customers are billed at 300 percent of the veterinarian’s hourly rate. These invoices, prepared in triplicate and distributed as outlined above, are recorded on the books as ‘income for services’ at the billing date. Payment is due 30 days after the invoice date.
7.All remittances are received by the office assistant/typist, who prepares a daily list of cheques received and stamps a restrictive endorsement on the cheques. A copy of the list is forwarded with the cheques to the bookkeeper who posts the date and amount of each cheque received on the copies of the invoices in both the alphabetical and the chronological files. After posting, the copy of the invoice is transferred from the chronological file to the daily cash receipts binder, which serves as a subsidiary record for the cash receipts book. The bookkeeper totals the amounts of all the remittances received, posts this total to the cash receipts book and attaches the daily remittance tapes to the paid invoices in the daily cash receipts binder.
8.The bookkeeper prepares a daily bank deposit slip and compares the total with the total amount shown on the daily remittance tapes. All remittances are deposited in the bank the day they are received.
9.The financial report is prepared on an accrual basis.
(a) Identify and explain four (4) key controls relating to revenue andcash collection. Cash receipts from sources other than these regular visitations and emergency call-outs need not be considered. (10 marks)
(b) For the controls identified in (a), explain the tests of controls you would use to examine the revenue from services account for the year ended 30 June 2017. Justify your choices. (10 marks)
(c) Identify any concerns that you would have about the controls that might cause you place less reliance on thecontrols, even if the test of controls appear adequate. (5 marks)
Question 3 Topic 6 IT Controls (15 marks)
You are preparing for the audit of your client NSW Rural Heath, for the financial year ended 31 December 2017. The health service implemented a new payroll system and you have noted the following:
1.The new payroll application is more complex than the old system, but its reporting function provides more detail. For example, the new application calculates leave, superannuation, payroll tax and work cover expenses, as well as the corresponding accruals.
2.Due to the brief time available to implement the system, the previous application ceased operation on 31 December 2016 and the new application went live on 1 January 2017 without running parallel with the previous application. Staff training and testing of the new application was limited.
3.Access to the master files is restricted to the payroll supervisor and her deputy. Access to transaction files is restricted to payroll staff who are responsible for the processing of fortnightly and monthly pay.
Prior to the introduction of the new payroll system, the payroll master and transaction files were kept in a separate database from the general ledger. At the end of each month, the IT staff imported transaction data from the payroll data base into the general ledger. Management decided to upgrade the existing accounting system to include a payroll system due to the frequent problems encountered by IT staff when importing data into the general ledger.
(a)Explain two relevant concerns you may have about the payroll application’s implementation. (5 marks)
(b)Identify and describe one application control that could be applied to salaries and wages expense to ensure the following:
i.The occurrence of the expense transactions. (2.5 marks)
ii.The accuracy of the expense transactions. (2.5 marks)
(c)Describe in detail an appropriate test of control that you would use to satisfy yourself about the effectiveness of the controls identified in (c). (5 marks)
In addition to the marks for questions 1 and 2, up to 20 marks will be given for Professional presentation, including following the presentation requirements set out in assessment, and communication, and referencing in accordance in with theCSU Guide to APA referencingas set out in the marking guidelines.
Covering material from topics3 to 6, this assessment has been designed to develop your abilities to:
- explain the role of assurance services and providers;
- appraise the client’s business environment and apply the risk model;
- explain, select and apply procedures involved in the audit process; and
Criteria High Distinction Distinction Credit Pass Q1. Appraisal of the client’s business environment and application to the audit risk model (LO3) (40 marks) All analytical calculations completed without flaws. A well supported and coherent explanation regarding going concern and for the identification of four (4) accounts at risk of misstatement. Response demonstrates an insightful understanding of the relationship between analytical procedures, areas of risk (including going concern) and key assertions. All analytical calculations completed, with onlyminor errors. A well-constructed explanation regarding going concern and for the choice offour (4) accounts at risk of misstatement. Response demonstrates a clear understanding of the relationship between analytical procedures, areas of risk (including going concern) and key assertions. All analytical calculations completed, with only minorerrors. Competent explanation regarding going concern and for the choice offour (4) accounts at risk of misstatement. Response demonstrates an understanding of the relationship between analytical procedures, areas of risk (including going concern) and key assertions. One or two analytical calculations overlooked, all other calculations are correct or contain only minor errors. Basic explanation regarding going concern and for the choice offour (4) accounts at risk of misstatement. Response demonstrates a limited understanding of the relationship between analytical procedures, areas of risk (including going concern) and key assertions. Q2. Appraisal of the client’s internal control environment and application to the audit risk model (LO3). Explanation for the selection of tests of control in the audit process. (LO4)(25 marks) A well supported and coherent description of four (4) controls and their purpose. Well supported and coherent explanation of an appropriate test for each of the four (4) controls. Well supported and coherent explanation for the identified weaknesses in the controls that would limit the reliance placed on the controls. A well-constructed explanation for the choice of four (4) controls. Well-articulated explanation of an appropriate test for each of the four (4) controls. A well-constructed explanation of the weaknesses in the controls that would limit the reliance placed on the controls. A competent explanation of four (4) controls relating to revenue recognition and collection. Clearly articulated explanation of an appropriate test for each of four (4) controls. Competent explanation of weaknesses in the controls that would limit the reliance placed on the controls. A basic explanation of four (4) controls relating to revenue recognition and collection. A basic explanation of a test for each four (4) controls. A basic explanation weaknesses of the controls that would limit the reliance placed on the controls. Q3. Assessment of risk, and an understanding of IT controls. (LO3, LO4) (15 marks) A well supported and succinct discussion on the problems associated with the implementation of the new payroll system. Both application controls identified align with the assertion at risk provided and are comprehensively justified. Comprehensive descriptions and justifications of appropriate tests of controls are provided. A well-constructed explanation of problems in the implementation of the new payroll system was provided. Both application controls align with the assertion at risk and are appropriately justified. Adequate descriptions and justifications for the appropriate tests of controls are provided. A competent explanation of issues in the implementation of the new payroll system was provided. Both application controls correctly identified and adequately justified. A competent description and justification provided for the tests of controls identified. A basic explanation of the concerns relating to the implementation of new payroll system was provided. The two application controls identified correctly, with only a basic description and justification for the application controls selected. A basic description and justification provided for the tests of controls identified. Professional presentation (as per requirements set out in the presentation section) and communication. Referencing in accordance with CSU Guide to APA Referencing. (20 marks) All presentation requirements met. Excellent written expression with very clear articulation of ideas and concepts. Superior grammar and spelling skills. References included are used accurately in accordance with APA (6th ed.) requirements. All presentation requirements met. Consistently clear and concise expression of ideas. No spelling errors and only minor grammatical errors. References included are used accurately in accordance with APA (6th ed.) requirements. All presentation requirements met. Expression of concepts is clear and concise. Very few spelling and/or grammatical errors. References included are used in accordance with APA (6th ed.) requirements, with only minor errors or omissions. All key presentation requirements are met, however a couple of the other presentation requirements overlooked. Some inconsistency in sentence structure. Clarity of expression could be enhanced by some revision. Some spelling errors and/or poor grammar. References included are mostly used in accordance with APA (6th ed.) requirements.
Your assignment will be marked out of 100, which will then be converted to a mark out of 25.
The following points arekey requirementsfor presenting assessment items, and must be followed or your assignment marks for professional communications and presentation will be reduced.
- Assessment item is to be prepared using Word. If the assessment is lodged as PDF you will be asked to resubmit in Word.
- Use a standard 12pt font such as Times New Roman, Calibri or Arial.
- Use 1.5 spacing between lines, this makes for easier marking.
- Use appropriate margins at the left and right of your work, and double enter between paragraphs, as markers need space to be able to include their comments.
- Left-justify body text.
In addition this assessment is to be presented in the following format and using respective word features:
- Separate cover page with your name, student number, subject code, assessment number and number of assessment questions.
- Each question must start on a new page, however there is no need for the individual requirements of each question to start on a new page.
- The header level function in word is to be used for question headings and sub-headings, this is necessary for preparation of a contents page.
- A contents page, using theautofunction of “table of contents” tool is to be included. This tool is located in the reference tab of word.
- All pages, except the cover page, are to be numbered, with name and student number included in a header or footer on each page.
- Always use your spelling and grammar checker, but remember that this does not pick up all errors. You must still manually and carefully edit your work.
- Always keep a copy of your assessments. Both a hard copy and an electronic copy